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Dr. Said Bin Khamis Al Ka’abi, Chairman of the Public Authority for Consumer Protection (PACP) issued Decision No. 145/2013 on February 26, 2013; banning marketing, advertising and distributing the following products (Black Athmad Kohl – Kajol Black Kohl and Red Athmad Kohl) for violating the GCC Standard Specifications, as stated in Article 1.


Article (2) decision stated that all quantities of the mentioned products shall be withdrawn from the Sultanate’s market, to maintain and protect public health. Article (3) in this Decision states that whoever violates the terms of this decision shall be punished based on Article (21) of the Consumer Protection Law.

In addition to that, Dr. Said Bin Khamis Al Ka’abi issued another decision regarding the same topic in March 12, 2013, Decision No.170/2013  of which announced (in Article 1) banning to market, distribute and advertise the product (Elaneer Kuzhambu) Kohl, as it is violates GCC Standard Specifications. Article (2) stated that all quantities of the mentioned products shall be withdrawn from the Sultanate’s market, to maintain and protect public health. Article (3) in this Decision states that whoever violates the terms of this decision shall be punished based on Article (21) of the Consumer Protection Law.

 

These decisions come as pursuant to Royal Decree No. 26/2011 establishing the Public Authority for Consumer Protection, Royal Decree No. 53/2011 issuing the Public Authority for Consumer Protection regulations, the Consumer Protection Law issued under Royal Decree No. 81 /2002, Decision No. 49 / 2007 issuing Implementing Instrument for Consumer Protection Law, and the Specification clause No. GSO 1846/2008 related to cosmetics and eyeliners issued by GCC Standardization Organization, in addition to PACP’s Decision No 145/2013 regarding banning several types of Kohl for violating the GCC Standard Specifications.

 

Laboratory reports confirm that some of the mentioned kohl contains an amounts of the metal lead, which harms the health of the consumers, especially children.

Some studies and researches proved that lead pollute water, soil, and food, which affects most of the organisms but most of all it affects the human brain. This forced many health agencies and organizations in the world to enact laws in order to protect people from the harms that lead might cause to their health.

It is important to mention that lead can be absorbed through the skin and once it gets into a person’s bloodstream it will be spread to all parts of the body, thus causing serious health problems.

Kohl that contains lead is considered dangerous because it melts and dissolves when mixed with water, and when lead enters the body it may infiltrate into the bone just like calcium, and would expel calcium and replaces it and accumulates within the bone causing bone fragility and osteoporosis which will then goes back to the bloodstream and be distributed to be stored in different parts of the body, like the bones, teeth and other body tissues.

Other studies proved that lead has major health risk on children. If the level of lead in the child’s blood reached 0.6 ppm, it will cause poisoning which can be fatal. Likewise, the exposure of pregnant women to high level of lead might lead to miscarriage, prematurity, low birth weight, and problems with development during childhood.